Concentration of Brine

Applications of Differential Equations

Concentration of a Brine Solution

Salt is dissolved in a tank filled with 100 gallons of water. Originally 25 lb of salt was dissolved in the tank. Salt water containing 2 lb of salt per gallon is poured in at the rate of 4 gal/min. The solution is well stirred. The mixture is poured out at a rate of 4 gal/min. Find the amount of salt as a function of time Q(t). How much salt remains after 3 hours?

Start by summarizing what is known.

   t = 0     Qo = 25 lb


We need an equation. Here’s a hint: the rate of change of Q in the tank is the difference between what enters the tank and what exits the tank. See if you can write this a differential equation.